Peanut Butter Facts: Peanuts are legumes (plant) that belong to the genus Arachis. They are members of the family Casamaceae which includes beans, lentils, peas and peanuts. There are over 100 species of peanuts, with only two genera being used most commonly in processed food products: A. pumila and A. arabica . Both have similar nutritional values but differ significantly in their taste and texture.
Peanut butter is made from roasted peanuts, which contain between 20% and 40% fat. The fat content varies depending on the variety of peanuts used to make the product. Fatty acids found in peanuts include oleic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearidonic acid and myristoleic acid. These fatty acids have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels in humans and may protect against heart disease.
The main source of dietary protein in peanuts is the oil obtained from the seeds. However, other sources of protein include the meat and bone meal. The average daily intake of vitamin E in peanuts ranges from 0.2 mg to 2 mg per day, while calcium is present at 10–20 mg per day. Peanuts are rich in vitamins B1, B6, C and K1 and they also contain significant amounts of potassium and magnesium.
The main source of protein in peanuts is the legume, A. pumila . Other sources include the bean, A. arabica , and the nut, A. occidentalis . Peanuts are low in calories and carbohydrates; however they do contain sugar alcohols such as xylitol and mannitol.
Peanut butter contains no cholesterol or saturated fats and is considered healthy because it does not raise blood cholesterol levels like other types of fat do.
Peanuts are used in different forms of food. They can be eaten raw, roasted or ground into a paste. They can also be added to milk as an ingredient. Peanut butter is made by grinding peanuts to a paste and adding additional ingredients to alter the taste, colour and consistency. Peanut flour is obtained from ground peanuts. It is used in baking, in the textile industry and as an animal feed supplement. Peanut milk is obtained by grinding peanuts and squeezing out the milk. It is rich in vitamins and minerals and has a good source of many B vitamins, niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine.
There are several types of peanut butter such as smooth, chunky, spicy, natural, light, dark and more. Peanut butter can be used as a spread or dip for bread or used in cooking. It can also be added to a smoothie or used as a filling for a sandwich. Peanut milk has been shown to be useful in treating the sick.
Most people in the United States consume some kind of peanut product on a regular basis. Americans buy more than 150 million pounds of peanut butter every year, making it the second most popular nut butter behind almonds.
Peanut butter is used in different ways:
1) It can be eaten with a spoon as a snack.
2) It can be eaten as a sandwich spread.
Peanut butter is made from ground, roasted peanuts. It can be natural, light, dark, or any combination thereof that may exist. Some butters contain sugar and salt, others just sugar and salt. It can be a liquid or solid at room temperature.
Interesting facts about Peanuts
Peanuts are a legume native to the Americas, grown and eaten in the wild since pre-Columbian times.
1) It can be mixed into a glass of milk to increase the protein content of the milk.
2) It can be mixed into a glass of skim milk and then mixed into a sandwich.
3) It can be mixed into a glass of water and then mixed into a bowl of cereal or put on top of the cereal as a dip for fruit.